RFID Technology enables monitoring and tracking movement of people within a specified area. This can be useful for data collection and trend analysis across different market verticals.
In events management, RFID wristbands are used on a large scale to record entry-exit of visitors and monitor their movement. These wristband tags having unique ids can store visitor information. With RFID readers installed in multiple locations at the event, it becomes easy to track visitors’ movement.
For events such as exhibitions, data collection regarding their movement helps exhibitors and organizers study footfall, movement patterns, areas of interest of visitors across various market verticals. It also helps with branding activities as many companies enjoy sponsoring this RFID taggingactivity and acknowledging arrival of visitors at multiple locations through TV pop ups. In concerts, these wristband tags can have attendee information stored regarding access, food and beverage package etc. This helps in maintaining limited access to restricted areas and also in cashless transactions respectively.
Some more unique applications also make use of RFID wristband tags for identification and tracking of people. These include tracking of children’s movement in amusement parks and on beaches, and tracking patients within hospitals or rehabilitation centres.
RFID for employee access control systems is being used world-wide. There are many areas in which RFID tags are carried by people to allow them to gain access to facilities or services:
* Secure access to work place and residential complexes
* Controlled access to dangerous/secure equipment including vehicles and public transport
* Access to leisure and recreational facilities such as gymnasiums and sports clubs
OPRFID Technologies produces RFID tags in a wide variety of physical form factors to suit different deployment requirements. The most common form factor is a flat plastic card the same size as a credit card, often used as an access control pass to gain access to office buildings or other secure areas. Key fob tags are also quite common, designed to be attached to a key ring so they’re always handy for operating access control systems. In some cases, reusable or disposable wristbands are also used for personal identification and check-in at events.
Usage of RFID tags for access & security not only allow higher measures of safety and security, but also help maintain better data records and control of monetary payments wherever involved.
Gas Cylinder Identification
Deployment of RFID technology enables gas cylinder identification and management through the supply chain. It helps create a transparent supply chain through accurate data records. It links the assigned cylinder with its user and helps in quick and easier usage identification and billing. RFID tracking also assists in monitoring movement of cylinders. This helps in inventor optimization through better allocation of resources and with less logistical efforts. In fact, it eliminates scope for malicious intent or manual error due to carelessness. Overall, RFID tags can be used effectively to monitor, track and bill for gas cylinders quickly and accurately.
RFID Laundry tags enable companies to track linens, clothing, rags and other assets leading to efficient inventory management. Each laundry tag has a unique identification number which helps track every garment individually, quickly and accurately. Omnia’s laundry tags can be easily patched in garments and linens. They are designed to withstand pressure, heat and chemical exposure.
Benefits of Laundry Tracking/ Management:
* Real time tracking of the laundry items from point of pick-up, through sorting, washing or dry-cleaning, packaging and distribution.
* Reduced handling time at check in and check out on site and off site
* Automatic identification of misplaced and stolen items.
* Accurate data capture regarding item lifecycle, inventory control, reusable asset sterilization control as well as automatic billing to end users.
Common industrial laundry management users:
* Commercial launderers and dry cleaners for efficient inventory control and accurate billing
* Healthcare facilities to track and ensure sterilization of reusable linens and patient clothing
* Hospitality industry for inventory control, minimizing theft and pilferage, along with lifecycle management of assets.
Pallet Tracking is essential to enhance productivity, cost efficiencies and track reusable assets to increase return on investment. Pallet movement contributes significantly towards the handling, transport and storage costs. As goods move on pallets through a warehouse or a supply chain, it becomes imperative to track their movement and collect information regarding their location, usage, process flow and available inventory. Access to such critical information enables quick transportation of goods through optimal resource planning, accurate implementation, involving least handling time and cost.
This information can be recorded with the help of RFID tags which can be attached to the pallets or built into them. Omnia’s RFID tags for pallets are designed to withstand water, chemicals, and shock and temperature variation leading to excellent performance in harsh and outdoor environments.
Benefits of Pallet tracking using RFID Technology:
* Enhanced productivity through real-time visibility and control of pallets movement
* Improved stock tracking helps in efficient transport systems
* Reduced human error and loss of assets
* Cost efficiencies through speedy accurate tracking with reduced labour intervention
* Correct billing of goods based on accurate pallet movement leads to higher revenue
RFID tags help municipalities and waste management companies optimize their resources and make the data collection process more efficient. Omnia Technologies offers a broad spectrum of LF and UHF passive contactless transponders that provide various levels of resistance to water, shock, and temperature variation making the tags suitable for harsh and outdoor environments.
Waste bins which have RFID tags fitted in them are picked up by disposal trucks equipped with RFID readers. These readers record the exact time and place every time a waste bin is emptied.This automatic data collection makes data reporting cheaper, faster and accurate.
Benefits of Waste Management using RFID Technology:
* It helps track waste collection and container movement, monitors sorting quality, and improves overall efficiencies.
* Quickens and simplifies the process of billing for services rendered and allows easy implementation of incentive programs
* Enables municipalities to evaluate the performance of subcontractors and have an unprecedented control of the waste-disposal process.
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is the major advance in baggage handling technology that has emerged over the last few years. While only a handful of airports around the world are using RFID, the technology is gaining momentum as an efficient way to optimize the baggage handling process beyond conventional technology based on bar-coded baggage tags.
RFID’s ascension as the preferred baggage tracking technology can largely be attributed to its ability to provide virtually perfect end-to-end sorting, tracking and tracing. Because bar code-based systems require a line-of-sight read by a laser, damaged and folded-under bag tags result in read accuracies of only 85 to 90 percent. The remaining 10 to 15 percent leaves a wide margin for error in matching bags to the right passenger and flight.
RFID-based systems, because they use radio frequency waves and do not require a line-of-sight read, are able to read bag tags from virtually any vantage point, even those lying underneath a bag. As such, RFID-based systems avoid the potential for lost luggage that can occur with bar code-based systems, ultimately increasing passenger satisfaction.
Deciding to tag animals with RFID can be both a business decision as well as personal. Tagging livestock with RFID can be an important tool in a farmer’s arsenal to identify each animal along with its pedigree and medical information. An LF reader or wand scans the animal during veterinary visits or inventory counts, and with the help of software, uploads significant information on each animal to a database.
New equipment and software is available that builds on the LF RFID identification premise, but offer new data and options. These new livestock tracking RFID systems use UHF RFID and GPS to track the animal’s movement in order to identify feeding and travel habits, and even monitor heart rates.
Livestock and farm animals are not the only animals currently tracked using RFID. Veterinarians are now pushing for all household animals to be tracked using RFID in order to create a system to identify lost and found pets. If all household animals are tagged with LF RFID chips, when they are found, vets can scan their tag to see information such as identification and the owner’s contact information. RFID chips that identify all pets on a nation-wide database can help reunite lost pets with their owners.
Another important reason for tagging animals using RFID is to manage exotic and endangered animals on preserves or other wildlife habitats. LF RFID, UHF RFID, and GPS systems are all used in animal management. The specific system selected is usually dependent on the information needed and safety of the animals.
RFID systems consist of numerous specialized components, such as tags, rfid readers, edge servers, middle ware, and software. An RFID system allows for data to be transmitted from the tag to the reader, which in turn processes it for a particular use. The data sent can include identification, location information, price, color, and date of purchase. Radio Frequency Identification systems can also be employed for tracking purposes, which some point out as an invasion of privacy.
An RFID system works in stages. Items are equipped with a tag, which has a transponder that is assigned a unique electronic product code. The accompanying antenna has a transceiver and a decoder, which emits a signal and activates the tag. Once activated, data can be read and written to the tag. If a reader is in range, it decodes the data being transmitted by the tag’s computer and relays it to a host computer for processing.
There is no global body that has set RFID regulation in stone; every country has its own rules. Low frequency and High frequency RFID tags can be used globally without a license, but UHF may not be used globally due to the lack of accepted standards. For example: in North America, limitations exist on UHF usage, specifically targeting transmission power. These limitations are not accepted by France because UHF interferes with military bands.
As well, there are regulations for health and environmental issues. In Europe, it is illegal to dispose of boxes with RFID tags because of the possibility of damaging sensitive recycling machinery. Potential health risks are associated with the Electromagnetic Field surrounding RFID tags; every country has specific regulations regarding this concern.
The following is a list of many standards that apply to RFID technology:
ISO 11784 & 11785 – These standards regulate the Radio frequency identification of animals in regards to Code Structure and Technical concept
ISO 14223/1- Radio frequency identification of Animals, advanced transponders – Air interface
ISO 10536 – Close coupled cards
ISO 14443 – Proximity cards
ISO 15693 – Vicinity cards
ISO 18000 – RFID for item Management; Air Interface