Low Frequency RFID and Animal Identification

Low Frequency RFID
Low Frequency (LF) RFID is a band on the radio frequency spectrum that typically operates between 125 kHz and 134 kHz. Technically, LF applications can operate on a larger bandwidth from 30 kHz to 300 kHz; however, the specific band varies from country to country and depends on frequencies set aside for radio and marine life tracking.

LF RFID communicates in a similar fashion to HF/NFC RFID in that it uses electromagnetic coupling to send and receive signals. Below are a few facts about LF RFID:

Only small amounts of data can be stored on the tags.
LF tags are typically smaller than other types of RFID tags.
LF systems have shorter read ranges than both HF and UHF RFID.
LF tags are able to operate around liquid or metal items.
LF tags require less energy to operate.

The main application for LF RFID is animal tracking.
Why Track Animals with RFID?
Deciding to tag animals with RFID can be both a business decision as well as personal. Tagging livestock with RFID can be an important tool in a farmer’s arsenal to identify each animal along with its pedigree and medical information. An LF reader or wand scans the animal during veterinary visits or inventory counts, and with the help of software, uploads significant information on each animal to a database.

New equipment and software is available that builds on the LF RFID identification premise, but offer new data and options. These new livestock tracking RFID systems use UHF RFID and GPS to track the animal’s movement in order to identify feeding and travel habits, and even monitor heart rates.

Livestock and farm animals are not the only animals currently tracked using RFID. Veterinarians are now pushing for all household animals to be tracked using RFID in order to create a system to identify lost and found pets. If all household animals are tagged with LF RFID chips, when they are found, vets can scan their tag to see information such as identification and the owner’s contact information. RFID chips that identify all pets on a nation-wide database can help reunite lost pets with their owners.

Another important reason for tagging animals using RFID is to manage exotic and endangered animals on preserves or other wildlife habitats. LF RFID, UHF RFID, and GPS systems are all used in animal management. The specific system selected is usually dependent on the information needed and safety of the animals.

one sector looking for growth influences NFC space

In many places, including Ireland, one sector looking for growth influences NFC space. New NFC-enabled debit cards are already being issued once the hardware is available in retail units, these could get to be the primary way of purchasing smaller value items, typically as much as %u20AC15. It is a new technology for small retail businesses but is at their favour as it will decrease the costs of handling cash and really should also increase payments at checkouts. Authentication is generally not essential this also accelerates the payment process. For that reason this technology might be a popular mobile payments model. However, just how well it takes off will likely depend upon the charging model. Consumers covers convenience but also in cash-strapped economic downturn, when the charge is just too high cash it is king.
Many small businesses have traditionally found the overheads of taking card payments prohibitive however, this model provides them entry to card payments and this will have a significant positive effect on their flow. The opportunity to take card payments in any location removes the attachment to customers having cash or cheques. What’s more, it removes the overhead in following up on unpaid invoices, itself a pricey exercise for most small businesses.

Pharmaceutical Authentication

Pharmaceutical Authentication

Counterfeit pharmaceutical is one of the most critical issues facing the pharmaceutical industry today. The business of selling fake drugs is escalating globally. Adoption of RFID hardware and software throughout the pharmaceutical industry from manufacturing to distribution and sale/consumption can help overcome this dangerous problem. Reliable, accurate and secure measures for tracking, tracing and authenticating pharma products across the supply chain are essential to protect consumers as well as pharmaceutical manufacturers’ brands.
When the manufacturer puts an RFID tag on the product, it stores all the static information about the product such as lot number and expiry dates in a database for record keeping. When the product moves across the supply chain, from the manufacturer to the wholesaler, this information of the tags is updated in the database holding the initial information. This process is carried out through all phases of the movement of drugs, from the wholesalers to the distributors, to the hospitals and pharmacies. It increases visibility, traceability and authentication of products to safeguard consumers health and protect the pharmaceutical industry overall.

Pharmaceutical Authentication

Pharmaceutical Authentication

Counterfeit pharmaceutical is one of the most critical issues facing the pharmaceutical industry today. The business of selling fake drugs is escalating globally. Adoption of RFID hardware and software throughout the pharmaceutical industry from manufacturing to distribution and sale/consumption can help overcome this dangerous problem. Reliable, accurate and secure measures for tracking, tracing and authenticating pharma products across the supply chain are essential to protect consumers as well as pharmaceutical manufacturers’ brands.
When the manufacturer puts an RFID tag on the product, it stores all the static information about the product such as lot number and expiry dates in a database for record keeping. When the product moves across the supply chain, from the manufacturer to the wholesaler, this information of the tags is updated in the database holding the initial information. This process is carried out through all phases of the movement of drugs, from the wholesalers to the distributors, to the hospitals and pharmacies. It increases visibility, traceability and authentication of products to safeguard consumers health and protect the pharmaceutical industry overall.